But the epidemiological evidence of the benefits of physical activity is remarkable and from moderate exercise. Exercise does not have cumulative properties so that its recommendation should be continuously. Diet should be varied to meet the recommended dietary requirements, incorporating all food groups and to promote adherence to the diets in fiber and low in fat, cholesterol and sodium. In what sector should intervene? The advice of the healthy patient should be performed in simple terms intelligible and at intervals not exceeding two years. The goal is not a temporary diet but a permanent change in eating behavior. What kind of intervention should be done? 3-5 is recommended daily intakes: 1 .- Consumption of 2-4 pieces of fruit a day and raw vegetables in salad.
2 .- Daily consumption of grains (bread, pasta, rice), vegetables, legumes or potatoes 6 to 11 servings a day. 3 .- Eat more fish than meat, between 150/75 gr. daily. Two or three servings of milk or milk, preferably skimmed or semi (800-1200 mg / day in pregnant women, infants, and menopausal) and eat in moderation and not systematically sausages and cold cuts. 4 .- Moderate consumption of sweets and snacks and sometimes substitute for nuts in small amount and not roasted. 5 .- Limit consumption of egg yolk for their high cholesterol content. 6 .- Limiting the amount of salt added in food preparation. 7 .- Do not exceed 5 units of alcohol daily for men or three women. The distribution of calories in the diet: 55% carbohydrate.